Results of a study suggesting the risk for gum disease is higher for people with rheumatoid arthritis was recently published online in the journal Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.
The goal of the small study was “to find the strength of association between
periodontal disease and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in nonsmoking, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug naive RA patients in a case-control design,” the authors wrote. The researchers compared 91 adults with RA to 93 health control subjects. All study participants were nonsmokers, since smoking is a known risk factor for RA, and had not been treated with arthritis drugs.
An observational Swedish study has revealed that out of almost 1400
people studied between 1985 and 2009 where 35 of the participants died
of cancer, the cancer patients had higher levels ofdental plaquethan the survivors, as reported by Time.com.
The researchers at the Karolinska Institute and the University of
Helsinki revealed that participants in the study with high levels of
dental plaque were 80% more likely to die prematurely of cancer during
the 24-year study period than people with little to no dental plaque.
Why Gum Disease Is More Common With Old Age
New research from Queen Mary, University of London, in collaboration with research groups in the United States, may elucidate the reasons behind deteriorating gums as we age. According to the study, published in Nature Immunology, the worsening of gum health, common with aging, is associated with a drop in the level of a chemical called Del-1.
In the study’s abstract, authors wrote that aging is “linked to greater susceptibility to chronic inflammatory diseases, several of which, including periodontitis, involve neutrophil-mediated tissue injury.
Tooth Scaling Associated With Decreased Cardiovascular Disease
Recent study results showed an association between regular tooth scaling and a decreased risk of future cardiovascular events. “Poor oral hygiene has been associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease,” authors of the study wrote. “However, the association between preventive dentistry and cardiovascular risk reduction has remained undetermined.” Using a nationwide, population-based study and a prospective cohort design, the research team aimed to “investigate the association between tooth scaling and the risk of cardiovascular events.
A diet full of fish and nuts goes a long way to protect people from gum disease, as indicated by a recent study published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.
The research has suggested that polyunsaturated fatty acids found in
foods such as fatty fish and nuts will help keep people’s smiles healthy
as it has been shown to help lower the risks of gum disease. The study
examined the diets of 182 adults during the years of 1999 to 2004 and
found that those who consumed the highest amounts of fatty acids were
30% less likely to develop gingivitis and 20% less likely to develop
periodontitis. Lead researcher Dr. Asghar Z. Naqvi of Beth Israel
Deaconess Medical Centre in Boston, Mass, said, “We found that n-3
[omega-3] fatty acid intake, particularly docosahexaenoic acid and
eicosapentaenoic acid are inversely associated with periodontitis in the
US population. To date, the treatment of periodontitis has primarily
involved mechanical cleaning and local antibiotic application. A dietary
therapy, if effective, might be a less expensive and safer method for
the prevention and treatment of periodontitis.” The following statement
was issued by chief executive of the British Dental Health Foundation,
Dr. Nigel Carter: “This study shows that a small and relatively easy
change in people’s diet can massively improve the condition of their
teeth and gums, which in turn can improve their overall wellbeing.”
(Source: British Health Foundation news release, November 8, 2010)
In a study from Taiwan and presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions, professional tooth scaling was associated with fewer strokes and heart attacks.
Of those 100,000 people who had their teeth scraped and cleaned by a dentist or dental hygienist, 24 percent had a lower risk of heart attack and 13 percent lower risk of stroke compared to those who never had a dental cleaning. The participants were followed for an average of seven years.
"Protection from heart disease and stroke was more pronounced in participants who got tooth scaling at least once a year," said Emily Chen, MD, cardiology fellow at the Veterans General Hospital in Taipei, Taiwan, who coauthored the study with Hsin-Bang Leu, MD.
In the quest to better understand the causes
of periodontal disease, researchers are making big strides on two key
fronts: understanding the nature of the bacteria that stimulate gingival
inflammation, and the genetic and physiologic foundations that can
determine the body's response to that stimulus. Read more
After more than three decades spent
exploring the connections between periodontal disease and other diseases
and health conditions, Robert Genco, DDS, PhD, believes he's got the
big picture. Read more
Recently, researchers examined 35 men with prostate inflammation.They found that the men with the most severe prostatitis also showed signs ofperiodontal disease. Periodontitishas been linked to other health problems, including heart disease and
diabetes, so researchers suspected a possible connection to prostate
disease as well.
This study compared levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) an
indicator of prostate disease with the clinical attachment level (CAL)
of the teeth and gums and teeth indicating possible
Periodontal diseases, including gingivitis
and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead
to tooth loss. The word periodontal literally means 'around the tooth'.
Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the
gums and bone supporting the teeth.
It is estimated that over 80%
adults have periodontal diseases, which is also linked to many
systematic diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, stroke, etc.
disease can affect one tooth or many teeth.